By HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM
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Extra resources for A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP
One concerns initial consonants of a set of nouns and the other concerns final consonants of a group of verb roots. Initial consonant of nouns having a high tone-accent on the initial syllable gets geminated when a prefix gets attached. 44) lááge míšo gútta ‘friend’ ‘sister’ ‘relative’ [tá-llááge] [tá-mmíšo] [né-ggutta] ‘my friend’ ‘my sister’ ‘your(sg) relative’ A set of verbs in Haro exhibit gemination of final consonant of the root. Compared to their nominal correspondences. 2.. Consonant Alternation Lexically or grammatically determined changes of the final consonant(s) of a verb root is a prototypical feature of the Ometo languages, more particularly that of the East Ometo varieties (see Hayward, 1982,1990; Azeb 2001).
For instance, mood/modality is an obligatory component of a verb. In contrast, tense and agreement markers are not required in all verb forms. In other words, there is no phonological verb without at least a mood/modality marker. On the other hand, there is interdependency in the presence of inflectional morphemes involve in a noun. A noun marked for definiteness should also be marked for case, otherwise it cannot be accepted as a phonological word. Parallel to that, a simple noun should always have a terminal vowel, which may be deleted when another affix is added.
44 - When followed by a vowel initial suffixal element, all TVs are deleted and that is considered as triggered by phonotactics. See for instance the following nouns (4). 4) IND:SG déyšš-i ass-í wudír-i IND:Paucal deyšš-úns’u ass-uns’ú wudir-úns’u ‘goat’ ‘man’ ‘female’ On the other hand, when a consonantal suffix is added to a noun, stability of the TV is determined by quality of the vowel and gender feature of the suffix. This is observed specially with suffixation of a definite marking suffix, which is gender sensitive to a noun stem.