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By William H. Baxter

A instruction manual of previous chinese language Phonology is the traditional reference for the reconstruction of outdated chinese language, i.e. the language of the pre-Qin interval.

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Extra resources for A Handbook of Old Chinese Phonology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)

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1. ~ QI",'" Wlil 6n Zhlngsiin Ney8n -:Ii:mii~ 'QI",'. lIliHJJlil [Corrected and supplemented QiJyUn] 77iJ 751 76:1-84 1007--8 1038-9 i>i\ 1iIii SO. M;An i>i\ 1iIii LIZ""" ill SO. ;an ~ ~ 4'. 0;' YOng IiIHI DIng DU T Jlt Tang)'lln ~m (first version) TdngyUn ~fti'i (second version) Wilil GudngyUn 1Ji fti'i [Broad rhymes] QI",'. IlyUtl mm [Collected rhymes] (Adapted from K. Chang 1974: 74) The most dramatic discovery, however, came in 1947 when an almost entirely complete manuscript of Wing Renxu's edition was discovered in the Former Palace Museum in Beijing (ZMu Ziim6 1966c).

EuoiIex sibilants: u,- l$rh· du- g- u- Palau "Y- l$1h- dry- ftY- ". ". 4 shows, Middle Chinese had oral stops and affricates with three manners of articulation, which I represent as follows: 1. Voiceless unaspirated. 38 These initials nonnally remain as voiceless unaspiraled in modem dialects. 2. Voiceless asf9irated. The traditional term for mis class is cl qfng {XlfI 'second clear'. y. (palatali· zation) or ·r· (retroflexion). ) The voiceless aspirated initials nonnally have voiceless aspirated reflexes in modem dialects.

1. need/oranewtranscriptjoflsystem 29 gren's -a- appear to rhyme freely with each other in poetry of the Middle Chinese period. The following pair illustrates these vowels as reconstructed by Karlgren: (16) 7t xidn 'first', Karlgren's sien (my sen) (17) it1J xidn 'an immortal', Karlgren's sj,iin (my sjen). All evidence appears to indicate that these two words actually had the same main vowel in Early Middle Chinese, and differed only in the preceding medial; accordingly, I write them sen and sjen, respectively.

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