By Vít Bubeník
This monograph goals to shut the space in our wisdom of the character and velocity of grammatical swap in the course of the formative interval of todays Indo-Aryan languages. throughout the 6th-12th c. the slow erosion of the artificial morphology of outdated Indo-Aryan resulted eventually within the remodelling of its syntax towards the hot Indo-Aryan analytic type.
This learn concentrates at the emergence and improvement of the ergative development when it comes to the passive-to-ergative reanalysis and the co-existence of the ergative development with the outdated and new analytic passive buildings. precise consciousness is paid to the actuation challenge obvious because the tug of battle among conservative and eliminative forces in the course of their improvement. different chapters care for the evolution of grammatical and lexical point, causativization, modality, absolute buildings and subordination.
This learn relies on a wealth of recent facts gleaned from unique poetic works in Apabhraṃśa (by Svayaṃbhādeva, Puṣpadanta, Haribhadra, Somaprabha et al.). It comprises sections facing descriptive suggestions of Medieval Indian grammarians (esp. Hemacandra). all of the Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa examples are always parsed and translated.
The opus is forged within the theoretical framework of practical Grammar of the Prague and Amsterdam faculties. it may be of specific curiosity to students and scholars of Indo-Aryan and basic old linguistics, in particular these attracted to the problems of morphosyntactic switch and typology of their sociohistorical surroundings.
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Extra info for A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa)
Chapter Three). A few words are in order a propos the origin and the development of meaning of this term, and its regional and ethnic sources. Among ancient Indian grammarians and rhetoricians the term Apabhramsa was used contemptu ously to denote all deviations from Paninian Sanskrit, descended from the divine language of the Vedic texts. For instance, Pataňjali (2nd c. 1] labels all the dialectal forms of Sanskrit go "cow" (gāvī, gon\ gotā, gopotdlikd) as apabhramsah "aberrant, off standard".
Apabhrarnsa which would be very close to Old Gujarati (cf. Alsdorf 1929:7). Hemacandra's and Somaprabha's creations are instructive in providing us with an insight into how someone could perform in several linguistic media. Among other things, the availability of 'transfer' grammars, such as that by Hemacandra (cf. 2) equipped the authors with versatility in converting one variety into another. As in Medieval European literature, the wholesale borrowing of various materials (attributes, themes, phrases) was normal.
Belongs to the realm of artificial linguistic usage (cf. 4). As late as ca. , Rajasekhara, a court poet at Kanauj, composed his play Karpuramanjarī "The Cluster of Camphor" entirely in Prakrit (prosaic passages in Śaurasenī and poetic passages in Maharastri). Rajasekhara was an erudite poet who wrote also in Sanskrit (no Apabhramśa works of his are known to us); his Prakrit shows a strong influence not only from the 'high' variety (Sanskrit) but also from the spoken language of Maharashtra, the region of his origin.