By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics study and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious parts in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation deals procedure simplification and intensification in undefined, delivering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions savings and effort safety. complicated membrane technology and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental functions offers a finished overview of membrane utilisation and integration inside of power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane strategies and separation to membrane characterization and monetary research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and fuel energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 experiences membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gasoline, ordinary gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complicated biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute power purposes and effort garage, corresponding to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen construction. eventually, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its distinct editors and group of professional members, complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental purposes is an important reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a finished evaluate of membrane technological know-how and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane procedures and separation and membrane characterization and financial analysis
- Addresses the main problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute strength functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Extra info for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
Improvement of chitosan properties and performance was considered the main achievement of fabricating such nanocomposites. , 2009; Han, Lee, Choi, & Park, 2010). Moreover, many studies were conducted on the adsorption of pollutants onto the chitosaneclay composites in which the increment of the adsorption capacity of chitosan membranes was proved as a result of adding clay nanoparticles (An & Dultz, 2007; Bleiman & Mishael, 2010; Celis, Adelino, Hermosin, & Cornejo, 2012; Chang & Juang, 2004; Nesic, Velickovic, & Antonovic, 2012; Pandey & Mishra, 2011).
Coli, Pseudomonas mendocina KR1, P. , 2009). , 2009). Chamakura, Perez-Ballestero, Luo, Bashir, and Liu (2011) 16 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment described in detail the steps of the antibacterial mechanism including (1) generation of reactive oxygen species indirectly, (2) direct interaction of Ag with proteins and lipids in the cell wall and also proteins in the cytoplasmic membrane, and (3) interaction with deoxyribonucleic acid. Some investigators (Koseoglu-Imer, Kose, Altinbas, & Koyuncu, 2013) suggested that Ag nanoparticles might pass through cell barriers and then release Agþ ions.
2007) and multi-walled nanotubes (MWNTs) (Wu, Tang, & Wu, 2010) throughout the thin-ﬁlm layer were also explored as a facile approach to produce superior hydrophilic membranes with improved performance. 10 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment The addition of co-solvent into the organic phase is another alternative to improve TFC membrane performance (Kim, Kwak, & Suzuki, 2005; Kong, Kanezashi, Yamomoto, Shintani, & Tsuru, 2010). Kong et al. (2010) applied this method and added acetone as the co-solvent into the organic phase to synthesize TFC nanoﬁltration membranes with controllable active layer thickness and effective nanopores.