By Vivien Lougheed
A rustic with a smorgasbord of landscapes, Bolivia is a distinct vacation spot. Tropical jungles within the Amazon Basin cave in to attractive deserts within the altiplano. The Andes, with 4 of the world's maximum peaks, supply the superior climbing, mountain climbing and caving on the earth. Water covers 14 in line with cent of the country's territory, together with lovely Lake Titicaca, the top navigable lake on the earth. all through, Bolivia is sprinkled with ruins of pre-Inca civilizations ripe for exploration. right here, Vivien Lougheed stocks her ardour for Bolivia, telling you concerning the historical past, geography, panorama, hidden treasures and most sensible highlights. accomplished historical past info - heritage, tradition, geography and weather - supplies an effective wisdom of every vacation spot and its humans. local chapters take you on an introductory journey, with stops at museums, ancient websites and native sights. locations to stick and consume; transportation to, from and round your vacation spot; sensible issues; tourism contacts - it is all right here! certain nearby and city maps function strolling and using excursions. Then come the adventures - fishing, canoeing, climbing, rafting, llama journeys and extra. by no means galloped alongside a seashore on horseback, trekked up a mountain, explored historic websites? "Adventure publications" contain huge lists of suggested clothing stores, with all touch info - electronic mail, site, mobile quantity and site.
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Extra info for Adventure Guide to Bolivia (Hunter Travel Guides)
However, investors and depositors are not protected by any government insurance (the government is talking about implementing some type of insurance in the near future). This reputation for paying debt includes not only the small peasant farmer borrowing from the local bank, but also the government itself which, because of its habit of paying on time, often receives soft loans or forgiveness of debt from the international community. For example, in the late 1990s the United States reduced 67% of Bolivia’s debt.
At independence, Bolivia had twice as much land as it has today, but that land has been taken by surrounding countries, usually after a war. The first war took place between 1879 and 1883. It was called the War of the Pacific. Initially, Bolivia owned the Atacama Desert and a long strip of Chilean coastline, including the port of Antofagosta. However, once it was learned that the Atacama Desert was rich in nitrate and copper deposits, the Chileans decided they wanted it. After four years of battle, Bolivia lost the war and its only ocean access.
Some geographers believe that the Altiplano is a dried lake bed and that Lake Titikaka is the shrinking remnants of the ancient lake. Standing at 11,000 ft/3,660 m above the sea, the Altiplano has been cultivated to grow high-altitude crops like potatoes, barley and quinoa. Half of the nation’s population lives in the Altiplano, the main theater of Bolivia’s history. EARLY MEDICINE Archeologists have discovered that quinoa was cultivated as early as 5800-4500 BC in the Ayacucho Basin of Peru and the people traded with those living in places as far away as southern Chile.