Download Approaches to Grammaticalization, Volume II: Types of by Elizabeth Closs Traugott (Ed.), Bernd Heine (Ed.) PDF

By Elizabeth Closs Traugott (Ed.), Bernd Heine (Ed.)

ISBN-10: 902722899X

ISBN-13: 9789027228994

The examine of grammaticalization increases a few primary theoretical concerns touching on the relation of langue and parole, creativity and automated coding, synchrony and diachrony, categoriality and continua, typological features and language-specific varieties, etc., and hence demanding situations a number of the easy tenets of 20th century linguistics.This two-volume paintings provides a couple of diversified theoretical viewpoints on grammaticalization and provides insights into the genesis, improvement, and association of grammatical different types in a few language world-wide, with specific realization to morphosyntactic and semantic-pragmatic issues.
The papers in quantity I are divided into sections, the 1st excited about normal procedure, and the second one with problems with directionality. these in quantity II are divided into 5 sections: verbal constitution, argument constitution, subordination, modality, and a number of paths of grammaticalization.

Show description

Read Online or Download Approaches to Grammaticalization, Volume II: Types of Grammatical Markers PDF

Similar linguistics books

Linguistics, Pragmatics and Psychotherapy: A Guide for Therapists

This e-book discusses present theories in linguistics and sociolinguistics as they relate to healing occasions, together with makes use of of metaphor, slogans, and proverbs. It indicates how people's empathies or feeling of alienation are displayed via the language they decide to describe or talk about occasions. Dysfunctions as diverse as melancholy, drug and alcohol additions, agoraphobia, schizophrenia and bulimia are tested by way of the language utilized by consumers or sufferers.

La voix en francais et en turc

En Français et En Turc Etude Contrastive. Dans n'importe quelle grammaire du français et du turc, le verbe a une position particuliere, par rapport aux autres different types du mot. Il est considéré le noyau de l. a. word. Il se cost des problèmes de temps, d'aspect, de mode, de modalité et de voix. Et dans le thème verbal en turc, ce sont les morphèmes de voix qui précèdent les autres.

Point Counterpoint: Universal Grammar in the second language

Element Counterpoint deals a chain of papers and replies initially offered at a unique consultation of the second one Language study discussion board, UCLA, March 1989. the focal point of the papers is basically the function of common Grammar in moment language acquisition, although the time table additionally comprises dialogue of alternative primary questions, viz.

Extra info for Approaches to Grammaticalization, Volume II: Types of Grammatical Markers

Example text

To summarize, all of the non-aspectual future grams in our database can be classified as belonging in one of these four groups on the basis of the other meanings that they express, no matter whether we have information about their lexical sources or not. The aspectual futures are not classified in these four categories, because, on the basis of the other meanings they express, we hypothesize that the aspectual futures develop in an entirely different way: As we argued in Section 3, aspectual futures develop as imperfectives or perfectives, which happen to accomodate future readings, but they do not develop explicit future semantics.

This refers to allomorphy conditioned by other grammatical morphemes, and the responses are Y and N. 4. Suprasegmental reduction: Here we note whether (Y) or not (N) the gram has stress or non-neutral tone; if stress alternates, A is recorded. The numerical values are as follows: DEPENDENCE: 1. Other allomorphs: 0 = 0; 1 or 2 = 2; 3 = 3; > 3 = 4 2. Phonological conditioning: N = 0; Y = 1 3. Morphological conditioning: N = 0; Y = 2 4. Stress: N = 2; A = l ; Y = 0 This scale ranges from 0 to 9, and again the higher number indicates a greater degree of grammaticization.

4) Todd has to go home at 5 on Thursdays. (5) Todd, you have to go home now. Such elements should be contrasted with grammatical elements which are used only in directives, such as imperatives, optatives and permissives. We might even want to say that the latter type, which we call speaker-oriented (because the speaker is doing something with the utterance) have little inherent semantic content, and that their principal function is to signal the type of speech act in which they occur. Agent-oriented modality, in contrast, includes those elements that may be used to report on situations in which a modality is in effect.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.06 of 5 – based on 3 votes