By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A foremost mound web site deals a wealth of fundamental facts on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the most important prehistoric mound web site in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is called Ocmulgee. It used to be first recorded in August 1739 via common James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an day trip to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote greatly of the ecology of the realm in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity by means of Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, fairly of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological value of the site.
Professional excavations begun at Ocmulgee in 1933 below the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management exertions. Investigations endured less than a number of sponsorships till December 1936, while the locality used to be officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth hotel, and funeral mound published an profession of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be came upon to comprise log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items incorporated uniquely patterned copper sunlight disks that have been discovered at just one different website within the Southeast—the Bessemer website in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been proven as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological study and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided an entire therapy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally comparable them successfully to different recognized cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Extra resources for Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
All these excavations give a fairly complete picture of the conditions at the mound. About 20 feet of the mound remains intact. It is certain that more burials exist in this remaining part but they surely do not alter the conclusions drawn from the rest of the excavation. In making this study of Mound C, notes of the field supervisors were used. The correlation of these notes and profiles, together with the cataloguing and analysis of the materials has been my own work. Horizontal maps are largely lacking and construction of plats showing the placing of pits and other features has been possible only by laborious extraction from the field notes.
Both classes 9 are heavy and possibly indicate the use of darts rather than the bow and arrow. Ground stone artifacts seem to include a variety of flat gorgets, hemispherical stones, plummets, and possibly celts. Pipes are of a projecting stemmed type suggestive of Hopewellian specimens. The whole complex is not well known at present. It would seem to belong to the Burial Mound I period except that no burial mounds are definitely known from this complex at the present time. Widespread in Georgia is the Mossy Oak period which is well known in the central part of the state from a pure site of the same name.
Jones. Later trinomial identifications were assigned in which the first element referred to the site (Macon Plateau), the second element was a county abbreviation (Bibb County), and the third element was the unit. When the museum exhibits were prepared in 1950 a series of descriptive names were applied to facilitate identification by visitors. The following tabulation coordinates all these designations. c. C. Jones Mound Mound Mound Mound A. B. C. D Numerical 1 Bi 2 1 Bi 2 1 Bi 1 1 Bd 1 Bi 4 1 Bi ') 1 Bi 6 Presen t descri pti ve Great Temple Mound.